Unit 1.21.0 Released§
I’m glad to announce a new release of NGINX Unit.
Our two previous releases were thoroughly packed with new features and capabilities, but Unit 1.21.0 isn’t an exception either. This is our third big release in a row, with only six weeks since the previous one!
Perhaps, the most notable feature of this release is the support for multithreaded request handling in application processes. Now, you can fine-tune the number of threads used for request handling in each application process; this improves scaling and optimize memory usage.
As a result, your apps can use a combination of multiple processes and multiple threads per each process for truly dynamic scaling; the feature is available for any Java, Python, Perl, or Ruby apps out of the box without any need to update their code.
Moreover, if you make use of ASGI support in Unit (introduced in the previous release), each thread of each process of your application can run asynchronously. Pretty neat, huh?
To configure the number of threads per process, use the “threads” option of the application object: https://unit.nginx.org/configuration/#applications
Yet another cool feature is the long-awaited support for regular expressions. In Unit, they enable granular request filtering and routing via our compound matching rules; now, with PCRE syntax available, your request matching capabilities are limited only by your imagination. For details and examples, see our documentation: https://unit.nginx.org/configuration/#routes
Changes with Unit 1.21.0 19 Nov 2020 *) Change: procfs is mounted by default for all languages when "rootfs" isolation is used. *) Change: any characters valid according to RFC 7230 are now allowed in HTTP header field names. *) Change: HTTP header fields with underscores ("_") are now discarded from requests by default. *) Feature: optional multithreaded request processing for Java, Python, Perl, and Ruby apps. *) Feature: regular expressions in route matching patterns. *) Feature: compatibility with Python 3.9. *) Feature: the Python module now supports ASGI 2.0 legacy applications. *) Feature: the "protocol" option in Python applications aids choice between ASGI and WSGI. *) Feature: the fastcgi_finish_request() PHP function that finalizes request processing and continues code execution without holding onto the client connection. *) Feature: the "discard_unsafe_fields" HTTP option that enables discarding request header fields with irregular (but still valid) characters in the field name. *) Feature: the "procfs" and "tmpfs" automount isolation options to disable automatic mounting of eponymous filesystems. *) Bugfix: the router process could crash when running Go applications under high load; the bug had appeared in 1.19.0. *) Bugfix: some language dependencies could remain mounted after using "rootfs" isolation. *) Bugfix: various compatibility issues in Java applications. *) Bugfix: the Java module built with the musl C library couldn't run applications that use "rootfs" isolation.
Also, packages for Ubuntu 20.10 “Groovy” are available in our repositories: https://unit.nginx.org/installation/#ubuntu-2010
Thanks to Sergey Osokin, the FreeBSD port of Unit now provides an almost exhaustive set of language modules: https://www.freshports.org/www/unit/
We encourage you to follow our roadmap on GitHub, where your ideas and requests are always more than welcome: https://github.com/orgs/nginx/projects/1
wbr, Valentin V. Bartenev